Creation of the Canadian Broadcast Corporation
This is the original logo of the CBC, used between 1940 and 1958. It features a map of Canada and a thunderbolt design used to symbolize broadcasting
This is the original logo of the CBC, used between 1940 and 1958. It features a map of Canada and a thunderbolt design used to symbolize broadcasting

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is one of the world's biggest broadcasting organizations, operating national radio (AM and FM) and television networks in both official languages. It also provides regional and local radio and television programming in English and French. Locally produced programs are broadcasted by CBC in English and native languages for aboriginal people who live in the north. CBC runs a multilingual shortwave service for people overseas; and provides closed captioning for the deaf. In 1945, The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation produced its first music recordings in Montreal, intended for broadcast abroad and in Canada.


Facts & Details


The CBC was established as a crown corporation on November 2, 1936. During the 1920s, radio networks were developed by the Canadian National Railways with stations in Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto, Moncton and Vancouver. The CBC's schedule included concerts, historical drama, school broadcasts and comp opera, however by the end of 1929 it was still providing listeners with only three hours of programming a week nationally.

Together with the example of the BBC, however, it helped to create the advantages of public ownership more credible to the Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting appointed by Lyon Mackenzie King on December 6, 1928, under the chairmanship of Sir John AIRD. The Canadian stations that were privately owned were not only starting to fall into American hands but also appeared considerably incapable at the time of providing an adequate and satisfactory Canadian alternative to the programming that was flooding across the border from the US. The AIRD Commission submitted its report on September 11, 1929, after receiving submission from across Canada and visiting other broadcasting systems - this occurred less than two months before the stock market crashed. It advocated the development of a national broadcasting company with the status and responsibilities of a public utility and a source of public funds to create a service capable of "fostering a national spirit and interpreting national citizenship." In other words, it called for the abolishment of the private stations, though with compensation.

Presidents


Davidson Dunton
Davidson Dunton

  • 1936–1939: Leonard Brockington
  • 1940–1944:Rene Morin
  • 1944–1945: Howard B. Chase
  • 1945–1958: A Davidson Dunton
  • 1958–1967: J. Alphonse Ouimet
  • 1968–1972:George F. Davidson
  • 1972–1975: Laurent A. Picard
  • 1975–1982: A.W. Johnson
  • 1982–1989: Pierre Juneau
  • 1989: William T. Armstrong
  • 1989–1994: Gerard Veilleux
  • 1994–1995: Anthony S. Manera
  • 1995–1999:Perrin Beatty
  • 1999–2007: Robert Robinovitch
  • 2008 to Present:Hubert T. Lacroix




Interior 1 Canadian Broadcasting Centre
Interior 1 Canadian Broadcasting Centre

Timeline


-- 1936 --

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) was established as a crown corporation - providing Canadian and other listeners abroad with the opportunity to listen to radio

-- 1952 --

The first television service was added. The first broadcast was on September 6, 1954 from its Montreal, Quebec station CBFT. The premiere broadcast was bilingual, spoken in English and French

-- 1990s --

CBC owned and operated 22 television and 68 radio stations

-- 1997 --

The mid 1990s, CBC operated several national services, including English- and French-language television networks; CBC North, broadcasting radio and television programs in English, French, and eight native languages to Canada's northen areas



The Advent of Television


The major stimulus to action from with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation came from the Report on Television (1947 ), for which the corporation's assistant chief engineer, J. Alphonse OUIMET, was responsible to a great extent. OUTIMET, who had built and tried to marked his own television system the city of Montreal in the earl 1930s, was appointed co-ordinator of television; later on, Frigon was replaced by OUIMET as general manager. Negotiably the most important figure in the history of Canadian broadcasting, he was the one who deserved much of the credit for the rapid introduction and expansion of television in Canada once the government finally decided to ahead with television and assigned funds from an excise tax on television sets for its development.




Youtube Video--John Vernon, Bruno Gerussi and Cecil Montgomery are featured in an excerpt from "Tell Them the Streets Are Dancing", an episode of the CBC-TV dramatic series Wojeck, broadcast on 22 November 1966 (courtesy CBC).--Youtube Video

The Significance


The CBC's significance in the cultural and social fabric of Canada is immeasurable, whether it is engaged in the quick distribution of news across Canada, the world's second-largest country, in the dissemination of cultural sustenance to areas lying hundreds of kilometres from amenities of urban life, in developing and advocating the employment of musicians, or in commissioning and providing exposure to Canadian compositions. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has played a large role in making the outside world and Canadian aware of Canadian cultural pursuits and in helping these to embellish. Presence of the CBC, helps not only Canadian, but also the people outside of Canada aware of what is happening everyday. Listeners are provided with the largest broadcasting organization in Canada to enjoy watching their favourite shows, news, and many other television programs in their desired language; English or French. The CBC has made us all a lot more aware of our surroundings, helping us learn more and more about everything going on each day. The CBC continues to be an important part of our lives today.


The current logo of CBC/Radio-Canada
The current logo of CBC/Radio-Canada

References


1.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/6/66/CBC_Logo_1940-1958.png - First photo, the original logo of the CBC
2.http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/media/dunton-davidson-778.jpg - Second photo, a picture of Davidson Dunton
3.http://thecanadianencyclopedia.com/media/canadian-broadcasting-centre-interior-1-3201.jpg - Third photo, Interior 1 Canadian Broadcasting Center
4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CBC_Radio-Canada_logo.svg - Fourthphoto, the The current logo of CBC/Radio-Canada